Do my wheat IgE results mean I have celiac disease?
Not necessarily. Wheat allergies are distinctly different from gluten allergies or sensitivities. There is no such thing as a gluten allergy, but there is a condition called celiac disease. A wheat allergy is an IgE-antibody-mediated immune response to wheat, whereas celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that involves an immune response to gluten (a protein found in grains like wheat, barley, rye, and triticale). Wheat allergies can involve life-threatening symptoms, such as difficulty breathing and anaphylaxis. Symptoms of celiac disease are generally chronic and more delayed than food allergy symptoms. The results of this test alone are not enough to diagnose or rule out a food allergy, including a wheat allergy, and results should be shared with a healthcare provider.